Annotated Bibliography of Japanese Primary EFL

Horii, S. Y. (2012). “Foreign language activities” in Japanese elementary schools: negotiating teacher Roles and Identities within a New Language Education Policy (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy:

Iida, H. (2011). Foreign language activities at elementary school: Correlation between team-teaching patterns and pupils’ performances. Proceedings of The 16th conference of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics. Retrieved May 2nd, 2014:

Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. (2008). Courses of study: Elementary foreign language activities. Retrieved:

Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. (2011). Five Proposals and Specific Measures for Developing Proficiency in English for International Communication. Commission on the Development of Foreign Language Proficiency (30 June, 2011). Retrieved:



What Level of English Proficiency Do Elementary School Teachers Need to Attain to Teach EFL? Case Studies from Korea, Taiwan, and Japan
Yuko Goto Butler
TESOL Quarterly, Vol. 38, No. 2 (Summer, 2004), pp. 245-278
Article DOI: 10.2307/3588380

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